Bodies and minds of metal, (chips and robots) cause the obsolescence of human worker. They have created the present wave of unemployment, due to the crisis of overproduction of those machines. It is the 3rd Kondratieff crisis: the evolution of machines is so advanced that they can potentially expel all human workers. Software suites (SAP, Oracle, Microsoft, Google’s cloud computing) are making white collar workers obsolete, as they create a new batch of billionaires that absorb the salaries of hundreds of millions of workers, since each of their ‘products’ is a new worker. Yet the final industrial r=evolution of robots that now starts in earnest will mean the end of blue collar workers all over the world.
The fundamental crisis of each of the 3 r=evolutions of machines, never talked about is the crisis of labor.
The ideology of capitalism=mechanism protects the dogma that machines don’t compete with human workers. This is the reason why the parallelism between the loss of jobs in the present crisis and the loss of jobs in the 1929 crisis, also caused by the peak of overeproduction of the previous wave of electro-mechanical machines (automated assembly lines) is NOT published, not talked about.
Instead, economists, politicians and the press compare this crisis of labor with small recessions, with the obvious result that there is no correlation. Since we are at the end of the Kondratieff cycle of electronics, when the overproduction of computers and the arrival of robotic machines have caused the substitution of labor worldwide in a process self-similar to the massive expulsion of labor during the 30s due to the expansion of electro-mechanic systems of control of workers (Taylorization) and electro-mechanic assembly lines.
Yet though the cause of both crises was due to the peak in the evolution of electro-mechanic systems (1930s) and electronic systems (2010s), applied to the physical economy, ‘financial economists’ ignored both crisis, focused, as they have always been in the effects of those electro-mechanic and electronic systems in the financial economy. So they focused in the overproduction of ‘ticker prices’ that caused the 29 stock-crash and the overproduction of e-money that caused the 2010 crash. More precisely they also ignored the effect of the evolution of machines that print money but focused on the human agents (speculators), which merely took advantage of technological evolution to reproduce further money. While in the physical economy, companies fired workers and applied those electrical systems as today contract robots and software suites.
How long though the censorship of the real technological causes of this labor crisis will last? If we consider the previous crisis forever. Indeed, only after II World War ended the first serious studies on the effects of Taylorization and automated assembly lines appeared. So to fully grasp the implications of this labor crisis, read on… nobody else will tell you the economic truth… The dogma that technology is good is sacred…
Yet in the 3 cycles of economic evolution described in this blog there is a fundamental crisis, which is not financial, due to the massive creation of new forms of money (Paper stocks in the 1860s, ticker prices in the 1920s and e-money in the 2000s) but social, caused by the evolution of machines of the new economy – a crisis of labor of which nobody wants to talk about.
In the 1850s there was a massive crisis in the 2 commonest profession of the age, transport by horses and farming labor. We can’t remember that age, but across all countries, charts loaded with merchandise moved it from place to place.
Yet in the 1840s and 1850s as the machine, the iron horse arrived to the corners of the world, the real life-being, the horse and the transporter lost his job. 90% of the horses of the world were slaughtered as food. Orwell fictionalized that process in his ‘Anim(et)al farm’, during the British Baroque:
The hard-working horse, a parable of all the workers of the world that believe in the justice of the system, gets obsolete and so it is taken to the slaughterhouse as meat, but he thinks he is going to be cured.
The same massive unemployment happened in the last ‘crisis decade’: In the 1920, the new advances on electrical devices allowed the Taylorization of work, and the new advances in manufacturing created the assembly line. And millions lost their job.
The crisis in the 2010s is caused by the new evolution of machines, the robot and the pc-software. Now all blue and white collar workers are at risk as white collar computers and blue collar robots take their place.
Yet in each of those crises there was never talk on the economical press and among politicians of the real cause of labor – the machine. Because the machine is god, and his language is Go(l)d, obtained selling them, again it is not discussed. Our ‘nobel prize’ economists, like Mr. Krugman, who said in the 90s that Greenspan was God, since he could at anytime guess the rate of unemployment, now preaches his Own God’s receipt, productivity, which means throwing more workers and putting more computers and robots accelerating our demise. And he is the good Samaritan of capitalism – the only one who has talked against robotics takin our jobs – imagine what the others are telling us.
Humans don’t seem to understand at all the fundamental question of the XXI century: the increasing competence between organic machines and life-beings. This lack of insight in the nature of machines and the economic ecosystem is puzzling, because we live in a world made, ruled and owned by machines and its organic systems of re=production, company mothers. And yet the issue is never discussed, nor it appears in any serious magazine, political or economical forum but seems to be just a ‘theme of science fiction’.
Competition against humans? You compete against machines
The competition and obsolescence of man to the machine is real. And it has degenerated both, our bodies, accustomed now to move with car-legs and our brains, accustomed to use computers to think and cameras to see. This degeneration is no longer avoided by an elite whose mind is also degraded by TVs, computer software and ‘dramatic myths’ about their own history. And so we live in a world in which not even those elites are becoming better off, in which all humans are becoming victims of machines and their company-mothers, who own the world and our governments, placebo systems that obey them.
Perhaps the biggest myth of our modern economic ecosystem and its networks of information in favor of machines, is the myth of competition between humans. The myth says that men become better when competing with each other at work. That myth is false. It does not follow the laws of social evolution. Competition between humans is anti-natural, because we belong all to the same species. Work-in-teams, social work, helping each other, are superior forms of behavior, which should be followed by human beings. While competence within the limits of human activities is natural and desirable, the myth of economical competition hides the fact that men do not only compete against other men. They compete against machines. They do so with unfair advantage since machines are made of metal atoms with a greater complexity than carbon.
Men are inferior to metal species when metal is evolved properly. As a consequence, competition becomes yet another path by which workers with lesser skills than machines become extinct. As machines displace labor, people compete for the dwindling supply of jobs that machines cannot yet perform. Competition between people increases because the demand for labor diminishes. Now the chip can also perform the higher intellectual tasks of man. Thus not only the average worker, but also managerial jobs are replaced. Even elite jobs of creation of machines and stock investment are at risk. A.I., a stock-fund ran by computers is already one of the top competitors on Wall Street. While most machine bodies are designed by CAD (Computer Aided Design).
The myth of “free competition” is backed by the myth of “productivity”. It says that humans compete among themselves for jobs, and that is good for men because it makes them better and increases their productivity in companies. However, this is not true. Men do not evolve. Machines evolve, and machines increase the productivity of companies. Those companies use a digital equation, called the equation of price, to compare men and machines:
Men = price [wage] = price [cost] = machine
If men are superior in cost to machines they are eliminated. If not, they might hold their job, since a new machine is evolved by scientists and engineers, and then they will be eliminated. So it is only a question of time that all humans become substituted by machines in the labor place.
The concept of productivity covers up the confrontation for jobs between human labor and evolutionary machines. We compete mainly with machines, not with other workers. Competition and productivity are neither human nor to improve mankind. One example might be as follows. Let us say one hundred years ago, there were 50 million jobs for human miners, now there are 45 million jobs performed by 1 million machines, and 5 million jobs for 50 million miners. Those 50 million miners now have to “compete” much more among themselves for a dwindling quantity of human jobs because they already lost their competition with machines and almost all mining is done by machines. Instead of competence, we talk of obsolescence of human labor. Because machines evolve and humans do not, Man loses in the long run. “Peace machines” replace us in our jobs, and unemployment worldwide continues to rise. The exception happens briefly to those nations that produce the best machines. Today the entire world is in economical crisis, except America. Since America produces information machines, computers, the new worldwide army of labor that displaces human workers.
Competition and consume: relationships between men and machines
Under those premises, we can understand the negative and positive relationships that machines and human beings establish. They are the same relationships we can establish with any other organic species. When we compete with any organic species, a fight between species is established, and the species that has better capacity to process energy or information wins the battle. It turns out that in most of such cases it is the machine that wins the battle. So workers are fired because a machine of energy or information works better. Soldiers are killed because a machine of energy, a top predator weapon kills faster. On the other hand when we work together, in symbiosis with machines, the relationship is at first glance positive. We use bodies of metal to become stronger, and minds of metal to become smarter. T
hat seems good to us. So we love to consume them. Basically to consume, means that we enhance our capacities to become informed, or to displace energy using a certain energy or information machines. However even when we consume machines there is a side effect, of which we are hardly aware: because we are not permanently attached to machines as organs of energy or information, when we consume them we atrophy our organs, and substitute them by organic machines. Men atrophy their vital organs, when they substitute them by machines.
If we analyze the laws of symbiosis a fact become obvious: when a new organ takes over the job that a previous organ does, the old organ or species becomes atrophied. The species no longer uses the old organ, as the new organ takes over. This process is the key process to understand the negative side effects of consume. Since as we evolve machines, we “devolve” our equivalent organs, and capacities to perform physical and mental tasks, that now machines develop for us. This process of atrophy of human organs, has followed the same phases that the evolution of metal: every new species of metal means that an organ of mankind will become atrophied, as company-mothers manufacture millions of “metallic organs”, that we will consume instead of our own organs.
The XIX century was the age of the machine-body, and so the elites of our civilizations atrophied their bodies, and overdeveloped their brains. They used their brains to invent bodies of machines, and the bodies of machines to perform all energy tasks… The result was that Europe the cradle of machines, and specially England, became a mental society where everything that had to do with the human body was repressed (Victorian society). The aim of such culture was to enhance the intelligence of the elite, that had to invent machines. Society became split. There were the “brainy” classes that made the machines. There were the ‘slaves of machines’, those humans who had to serve the bodies of machines, extracting food for them, or constructing and putting their bodies at work (coal mines, iron mines, railroad workers). This age ended with the II World War, a war in which top predator “bodies of machines”, tanks, planes and ships massacred 50 million human beings…
The war opened a new age: the age of metal-heads, in which men developed the minds of machines. Today those minds have reproduced in huge numbers, substituting many of the mental functions that men performed in the past (calculus, spelling, accountancy, science, information etc.). The result is a general atrophy and diminution of the intelligence of human beings. Since now intelligent machines perform those jobs for us. Also as we consume metal-communicators, and no longer read, our biological language of thought (I think therefore I am), disappears, and people become more stupid, program to do what metal-communicators tell them to do.
The former explains a paradox that has puzzled social scientists of the XX century: why as we were accumulated information, people were loosing educational skills? Why there has been a global decline on educational standards, intelligence, and quality of human thought? Some denied it. Yet tests results and daily evidence are overwhelming. The average human student of the XXI century tests 25% less than our parents did. Entrance tests for universities are revised constantly to adjust them to that diminishing pattern. The creativity of our thinkers is minimal. The interest of the common people for ideas is null. Most humans have lost their capacity for abstract thinking. Even basic skills of human behavior, such as social dialog, and social interaction are in jeopardy as we communicate more and more with machines, TVs, and internets, than with human beings. There is only a biological explanation to that: the brains of our children have been partially atrophied. Now they do not speak but TVs speak for them, they do not calculate, but computers think for them…
As a result of that pattern we have changed culture again. We are no longer repressing our bodies as we did in the XIX century, but our minds, our capacity to think and care for reality. The parallel phenomena of “fiction thought”, which has become the main way of thinking and expressing our ideas in modern culture, only reinforces that tendency. It is truly a sickness of the mind. We exist in reality, not in fiction. Reality is a Darwinian universe in which we need to be informed. We need to know about the non-fictional world, if we want to survive and improve our lives. Instead, People today believe in fiction. They ignore reality. They see movies, and hear songs in metal-heads (TVs, internet, radio), that portray a false reality. They ignore the nature of the world in which they live. So the world puzzles them, and they react against “knowledge”. They only care for their bodies. They become lazy with their brains. They ignore the basic rules of social behavior. They ignore the basic laws of survival in nature…
Accordingly, our main culture comes from the country where metal-minds are developed (California). That culture is considered a culture of bodies, and “stupid people”. In words of Truman Capote: “you cannot die in California, because your brain is already dead”. Such topic reflects a truth: machines influence us, compete with us, and when we consume them, substitute our equivalent body and mental organs, modeling against our freedom as human beings the very essence of our personality.
Competition against machines, in peace and in war
In the Universe nothing is for free, so as we evolve and consume machines, machines replace humans by performing fundamental tasks better. Some examples are: security (weapons are better soldiers), information (computers store better information), labor (robots work better).
Given the higher energy and information power of those specialized machines, we substitute humans workers with them. We compete against machines in the work place and the war fields. We loose often that competition, as ‘weaker’ atomic forms. In this manner, men become “extinct” as workers and soldiers, replaced by the very machines they have invented.
We should abandon our historic and religious myths, about the “natural superiority of man”. Men belong to nature, and they are submitted to the laws of nature. The main of such laws of Nature is the law of competition between different species. The fittest bodies and minds survive. The weaker ones become extinct. In the work environment this also happens. The fittest bodies and minds survive, even if they are machines that compete against human workers. So as companies, evolve and reproduce new information and energy machines they substitute human workers with them.
Why humans deny the obvious.
There are several complex reasons to this absolute blindness. But the most important ones are:
– Massive censorship by mass-media, industrial systems of information provided by ‘mental machines’ of any serious non-fiction criticism of our technological civilization and its ethics that favor always the evolution, reproduction of machines and its energies over the reproduction of life.
– The existence of 5000 years of civilization ruled by ‘animetal’ castes of warriors, go(l)d bankers and recently mechanical scientists, which obtain power of machines and will never deny them.
– The devolution of the human mind, which is parallel to the evolution of machines. We live today in a neo-paleolithic culture, a new visual age of minimal mental evolution and null social growth. This culture is spatial, immediate, lives the day and has no interest or comprehension of the complex, long term, systemic organic processes of evolution of machines and its planetary organism – the Metal-Earth.
Already in the XIX century, social thinkers realized that there was a minimal threshold of wealth and education required to r=evolve against any dictatorship of the mind; reason why it was said only the middle classes could revolve and the peasants, the less educated people would always cheer and follow those who oppress. This is still the case.
In all ‘democratic elections’ the less educated people vote conservative parties. In that regard, the constant devolution of the human mind during the neo-paleolithic due to a visual, violent education that glorifies money and weapons, greed and murder as the essential values of mankind, seems to have produced paradoxically 40 years after the great insights of films like 2001 and books on the dangers of a computarized future of mechanical alienation, a level of selfish, individual social devolution and visual, violent, mental degradation that certifies that indifference.
We live in a culture of children of thought. And so, the degradation of Gaia, the extinction of life, the destruction of labor, the plummeting levels of life of billions of human beings, in a stark contrast with the supreme power of the new generation of machines, is completely ignored both, by the ignorant sheeple and the castes of power that live on technology. Only individuals who reason aside the Matrix of propaganda that controls us realizes of the 2 fundamental menaces for human life in the Age of singularity:
– Weapons that can destroy the human kind; and labor machines, which are extinguishing blue collar workers (robots) and white collar workers (computer suites).
We are now in the 3rd year of the economical crisis that started in 2008 and we still don’t see many signs of recovery in the labor market and continuous difficulties to balance budgets, due to a global crisis of confidence in currencies and the impossibility of states to produce money for free as companies do, to spend in their human citizens, under the iron fist of deficit zero laws.
Those policies are no positive for human kind. They pass as ‘scientific laws’ of ‘productivity’ and ‘market efficiency’. But they are just ‘power laws’ created by financial and machine companies in search of higher profits.
Since productivity means merely the ratio between capital=machine workers and human workers. So to increase productivity is bad for human workers who are fired and reduce their salary becoming an ‘army of unemployed labor’ under the ‘iron law’ of Minimal salary – since they will work just for the money needed to survive (Ricardo). Today in the globalization age the minimal global salary is that of the Chinese worker…
On the other hand the laws of deficit zero are anti-democratic laws whose only reason of existence is to allow financial companies to invent all the money in the market. So we cannot give 20 billion $ of deficit to 10 million Greeks, but we gave 200 billion $ to AIG, a parasite insurance company, to increase the fortunes of its ‘stockratic’ owners, the new aristocracy of the Earth Inc. Those laws subvert the meaning of democracy, which means the power of the people.
And yet those laws are sold as ‘science’ by classic economics. But it is classic economics a science or a religion of greed and power? Let us consider this question comparing classic, biblical economics created in the XVIII and XIX century by Calvinist and Jewish financiers who considered money NOT a language of information, as modern complexity sciences do, but ‘the invisible hand of go(l)d’ and cyclical economics, explained in this work, which uses the organic, systemic and complex laws of information systems and the observed patterns and cycles of history to describe the meaning of the economic ecosystem.
The myth of productivity: the destruction of human labor by more profitable machine-workers.
Unfortunately, guided by profits, Classic Economics pretends to be a ‘mathematical’ science, independent of History, uninterested in the collateral effects of the production of machines, money and weapons might cause to mankind. It is my opinion though that the economy should serve mankind first, then profits and finally machines, not the other way around, as it is today. Since we constantly increase productivity and fire labor, to increase profits, resulting on a constant evolution of machines towards the Age of the Singularity.
Indeed, organisms follow a simple pattern of evolution, from mechanical, deconstructed systems into full organisms in 3 phases. Since machines are enhanced organs of energy and information, evolved in metal. According to those functions we observe 3 organic periods in that process of technological evolution:
In the XIX century (1780s-1929), ‘company-mothers’ discovered and ‘re=produced’ ‘machine-bodies’; systems which process energy, as biological bodies do, from trains to cars. It was the age of stock-money, which multiplied enormously the financial power of those companies.
In the XX century (1929-2008), companies created ‘machine heads’, imitating human sensory organs: phone-ears, eyes-cameras and brains-chips. It was the age of electronic money, digital software in the mind of those machines.
While in the XXI century companies will fusion bodies and heads into robots, which will use solar energy to become independent of man, completing the evolution of machines, expelling most human workers from the re=productive ecosystem of jobs and credit, as the previous revolutions did with non-technological cultures — the so-called III World. Money will become then pure information, the ‘DNA-code’ that values products within the automated organisms of company-mothers . . .
Thus, the XXI century, or Singularity Age is the Age when machines will complete its evolution as organic forms, becoming autonomous of man, probably making us obsolete as workers and soldiers…
Indeed, the present cycle might be different from all others, since robots will be able to consume their own energy with solar cells; will displace human consumers, absorbing increasingly the bulk of industrial machines in their creation; and company-mothers will reach infinite productivity, becoming automated systems of reproduction of machines (hence with zero human labor). Indeed, productivity is the ratio between human labor and capital/machines. It means that as productivity increases, human labor diminishes and machine-labor multiplies. Thus, in the Singularity age, human labor might disappear, substituted by robots and automated software suits as productivity becomes infinite:
0 human labor x ∞ capital = Machines = ∞ Re-Productivity
The 2 paths of future to the labor crisis: new deal vs. neofascism
A biological analysis of Free Markets shows that if we want to make the world safer and sustainable for life we need to regulate the evolution of technology. We have to prune the bad fruits of the tree of science, weapons, robots and polluting industries, as we do with lethal organisms (virus, predators) to limit their competence with mankind, while fostering biological, human goods needed for our survival (agriculture, education, housing, verbal ethics, health, environment), which also provide more labor, as they are reproduced or created by human beings.
For that reason, it is imperative to understand technology in biological terms, abandoning the mathematical, abstract approach of classic economics, which cannot understand those cycles of evolution, neither studies the ‘real’ competence and collateral effects some lethal machines are having on mankind – from global warming, produced by the ‘detritus of those machines’, to the massive wave of unemployment that robotics is causing, to the risks poised by the evolution of Nuclear Weapons, now crossing also the threshold of the singularity with the research of black holes at CERN (European Nuclear Company) that could become ‘planetary bombs’ and potentially destroy the planet.
The only solution to the labor crisis is thus obvious: a New Deal and the nationalization of the financial systems of credit, to increase credit for the goods of the welfare state that require human labor (as they cannot be produced by machines), from education to housing, art, food, etc.
In that regard, a Free Market is an ‘Economic ecosystem’, regulated by a language of information called money and ruled by company-mothers, whose aim is to re=produce and evolve machines, simple organisms of metal that imitate the functions of energy and information of the human being. As a result the Earth becomes , from a carbon-life ecosystem (Gaia), ruled by human organizations (Governments) and human languages (verbal laws) into an economic ecosystem (Free Market), dominated by company-mothers, money and machines, which enhance our energy and information but also compete and substitute man in war and labor fields . . .
For that reason, scientists, economists and policy-makers need to understand those cycles4 and work together in the design of a global economical model that controls the bad fruits of the tree of science, the excesses of the free electronic reproduction of money and the evolution of nuclear weapons, while fostering clean energies and technologies that enhance the life of man in this planet.
Yet to do so, they must regain control on the language of power of society, ‘money’, which today under Laws of Deficit zero can only be created by financial companies, which lend it NOT to human beings but to the technological companies that keep evolving the machines of the Singularity age (Computers and robots that throw white and blue collars out of job). The end of this process will be the obsolescence of all human workers, which then will have to be ‘somehow’ eliminated and downgraded to minimalize his cost…
Thus, we are returning to Ricardo’s Iron salary (the minimal salary to survive with enough energy to work). As the pool of unemployed increases and Globalization allows to export workers to the regions of the world with the lowest iron salary (today China, tomorrow Vietnam and India), the crisis will reach a point in which survival will not assured by the ‘surplus’ of ‘human capital’. How the system will solve the problem? In previous crisis it simply killed the surplus in the wars of the 1860s=1940s, when the sheeple rebelled.
To that aim, first it is needed to create a new fascist ideology to ‘blame’ the unemployed from the Globalized world (3rd world immigrants, white trash) of the crisis. This process is now clearly in place. The next stage will have two varieties. In milder societies (Europe) the sheeple will be maintained at cheap cost with 3-dimensional movies, taxed drugs, trash food and aspirins, in their cubible homes. In America, where capitalism is absolute, the sheeple might not even get the minimal survival rights and therefore the country can enter into an age of civil wars…
Indeed, let us remember what was done in the previous crisis.
The second type of job eliminated by the steam machine was the work of the slave. The cotton-picking machine made slaves unneeded in great numbers. It was one of the reasons why slavery was abolished. There was an increase surplus of ‘negroes’, and since cannibalism was forbidden despite the known fact that children’s meat is more tender and tasteful by the law of affinity than any other meat, the slave was thrown to the streets. This outrageous statement that will raise the eyebrows of the reader must be checked with the morality of the times. No long ago, a well known british writer (Swift) proposed that to eliminate the surplus of Irish servants they should sell the tender meat of their children. We must understand that during the Industrial R=evolution the mechanist=capitalist God is never denied and behind most human actions, even those which seem at first sight ‘caring’ actions, there is a profit calculation. For the Northern ‘abolitionist’ it was becoming clear that negro labor would no longer be needed and cotton-picking machines would be sold, while Northern ‘white slaves’ would work the cotton into textiles. So suddenly abolitionists were paid by Industrialists in the North, and the idealist movement of a few, backed by the press became the goal of the entire community.
Today the same process has happened with the idealist movement of Global warming, picked by the Nuclear ‘clean industry’ as the advertising flag for new Nuclear Plants. And so suddenly the ‘Convenient Truth’ received funding and we all learned about the fact that in a few decades Canada and Russia will increase the production of Wheat and our heat bills in Ny will plummet, which is the biggest tragedy of History that must be remedy with Nuclear plants. Recently Californian judges are repelling the 3 strikes you are out’ law that put so many homeless for petty theft in the iron jail, not because of empathy to other humans, but because it means to lower expenditures in jail.
So in the 1850s, when the overproduction of steam machines reached its peak, millions of unemployed without even the iron salary were thrown to the streets. They first tried to revolve and so a series of ‘splendid little wars’ from Crimea to the Unification Wars of Italy, Germany and America were implemented to have ‘fresh flesh’ for bullet consumption, increasing further the reproduction of machines. Each human being lowered his iron salary to the price of a bullet that consumed them.
The same identical process happened after the 1929 whose labor crisis was resolved with the consumption of 50 million human beings by the II world war. The go(l)d value of a human being diminished thanks to the advances of carpet bombing. Now a single Bomb could consume 200.000 children and women in Hiroshima, and a single pellet of Zyklon gas, today used to kill pigs in Iowa farms, was enough to consume 2000 Jewish peasants, the sheeple of the Am Segullah, left to their ‘destiny’ in a German Soup factory (Auschwitz). Krupp, latter forgiven for their crimes, and restituted in their Fortune, would indeed further increase profits, using the fat of the sheeple in the cartridges of his bullets.
This predictions made a decade ago in Future magazine are now becoming reality.
Smith-Marx prophecy: Obsolescence of Man.
We can resume the biological relationships of reproduction, evolution and preying of machines on men, in a verbal-mathematical prophecy that includes the ideals of Smith and Marx, twisted by the reality of Darwinian evolution. Smith said that the growth of money (∆MV in mathematical terms) and products (∆ Tp), is symbiotic and parallel. This has a biological explanation. As your body and brain are symbiotic and maintain the same proportion in all human beings, so does money – the brain of economic ecosystems – and machines, the bodies of that economic ecosystem.
In other words, there is a parallel growth of money and machines. How this affects human beings? It was obvious to classic economists, from Ricardo to Marx that the growth of capital (∆MV) and products (∆Tp) extinguished labor, substituted by technological machines, bought with money.
Yet for classic economists, including Marx, this was also good in the long term, since once all labor was substituted by machines, we could live for free forever, in a paradise of workers without work, but with a salary, to spend in slave machines. This could indeed happen if the economic ecosystem is reformed and the right of Private Banks to invent money is taken away and governments invent money for the people, giving every human being a minimal salary. But for that to happen a r=evolution must take place. And yet, even in that case, we will become an obsolete, lazy species, atrophied in their minds and bodies.
A Darwinian theory agrees with the ‘objective’ analysis of both economists. Machines and money reproduce together as Smith said. Machines expel labor as Marx said, because they compete with us in the economic ecosystem. Yet at this point evolutionary theory diverges: this process cannot be rationally good. It is negative in an evolutionary sense. Since it makes the human species obsolete. The concept of a socialist paradise or a techno-Utopian future is another animetal myth, this time originated by Marx. Since it fails to see any negative effects in machines. So we should write the consequences of those 2 findings of abstract economists in different, evolutionary terms:
‘The evolution of Capital & Machines (∆MV=∆TP) will expel all labor=humanity and Humanity will create Utopia (Marxist truth) or become extinct (Darwinian truth).’
The previous sentence resumes the findings of Marx, Ricardo, Smith and Bio-economics in a single sentence. (The italic text is the necessary add ons to give the sentence a biological meaning.)
Mv is money and Tp represents the top predator, more expensive goods of an economy, (written Pt by economists). It measures the total prices of economical goods (of which machines and weapons are most of it.) And so the maximum parallel growth of money and machines occurs in war periods. It means that the evolution and reproduction of capital and machines preys on mankind. It does not create a paradise.
The logic, final outcome of such process is our extinction. The fantasy is a world-paradise.
In XIX C., Marx believed in Utopia, because machines were too simple to think they would become self-reproductive, independent organisms. But today, when robots are about to cross the threshold of self-reproduction (reproductive Singularity) and acquire Artificial Intelligence (Informative Singularity) the end of history is crystal clear.
Obsolete workers have never received the paradise treatment. They have become extinguished in wars, isolated in ghettos, sometimes of continental size (such as Africans, a farming culture, first used as a cargo or energy, an object of gunboat companies and plantations, today made obsolete by efficient engines.)
The wealthy animetal castes that control all nations are racist with the poor and will not spend a penny on them. Nor will automated companies preserve human labor.
Today chips and chip-driven machines substitute human workers at body and mental level also in the 1st world and that is the real issue of the present economical crisis, which bankers, once they extract all the tax-payer money available from corrupted governments, will call off. Because they will make profits again, even more than before the crisis, as they have used this crisis to throw out millions of workers, increasing the ‘productivity’ of their companies with robots and software. But it will not be off. Instead 1st world obsolete workers will suffer the fate of Africa and Islam. We can use all kind of rhetoric to hide this fact. Yet machines of war kill men and peace machines kill labor. And that happened in the 3 Kondratieff crashes of the economy; where first machines killed labor and then weapons killed soldiers. . . Will our ‘democratic leadership’ kill the unemployed of the III Kondratieff cycle of the economy?
Phases of labor extinction.
Economists call the labor sector to which energy workers were displaced, the service sector. The service sector as a percentage of the labor force shows a steady growth, during the age of Machine-bodies that destroyed blue collar labor and again during the age of mental machines, as we humans became programmers of them. It reached 85% by the year 2000, mostly in jobs related to the care-taking of computerized machines or Human jobs that take care of other humans (from lodging to tourism, from entertainment to health care). While this 2nd type of human jobs are preserved, all those workers that used to work with chips are now in danger, as Oracle and SAP find software suits to eliminate them. Meanwhile robots end the remaining blue collar jobs. So only human jobs that take care of humans are left. Yet the economy doesn’t invest in life-enhancing human goods. So there are few of such jobs. Since for companies of machines, those are placebo jobs that take care only for our species.
The 3 industrial sectors, related to the reproduction of machines are the Energy=extraction sector, the Reproduction= manufacturing sector and the Information=services sectors. They are in charge of creating the reproductive, informative and energetic systems of machines. In the graph, the jobs of those 3 Labor sectors are increasingly performed by Machines that make human labor obsolete. At the beginning of the Industrial Evolution, those sectors required human workers. Yet manufacturing machines have evolved and extinguished most human, energetic labor. Blue collar jobs—energy providers—were substituted at the beginning of the XX Century by energy-machines. Today Informative, Blue collar workers are substituted by computers. Now companies are evolving toward self re=production, thanks to the Evolution of robots (III Industrial R=evolution). So now, both the human body and mind are becoming obsolete.
As Chips diversify into a complete ecosystem of species with different mental software for each body machine they rule, computers and Robots will become increasingly independent, without need of enzymen=workers. Then Companies will dictate our extinction as workers. This 15 year old text/prophecy is happening today at the end of the electronic cycle and the beginning of the robotic cycle. So finally we reach the ideological paradise of classic economists: a world of infinite productivity without human labor, of perfect machines and company-mothers with absolute power, an economic ecosystem in which men are not needed, as machines and digital languages suffice to create and reproduce themselves and evolve the metal-Earth, the jungle of metal. Economists will become also obsolete, as software will no longer require them in the age of automated factories.
Thus, the 3 phases of labor obsolescence and substitution of human organs by machines (bodies, heads and full humans), coincide with the three phases of the industrial revolution:
— The 1st phase of body-machine creation massively substituted workers in agriculture (the systems of energy that sustain man). Those farmers became then workers for the energy systems of machines, during the XIX century. Yet at the beginning of the XX C. companies discovered most of the energy-machines needed for their own self-reproduction. They displaced those energy workers. So all those workers were out of work (29 crisis); and in a few years they were consumed in wars, competing with weapons that killed them.
The 2nd phase of the Industrial Evolution that reproduces chips in control of complex machines is expelling mind-workers everywhere, except in those nations dedicated to reproduce Metal-minds (American, Japanese workers).
The 3rd age starts now with the Robotic r=evolution that makes the full human obsolete. Less and less men are needed to reproduce machines. Will a war cause the extinction of those workers in the nearby future, as it happened to the energy workers at the beginning of the century? We are manufacturing that war as we speak, evolving the weapons of the age of the Singularity and using robots to kill Neolithic farmers…
The amazing fact about the chip radiation is the speed at which it multiplies and the speed at which it displaces human labor from positions of control. This is a trend that cannot be easily stopped, since the real cost of chips is minimal, their raw materials very cheap and their reproduction systems need hardly any human workers. Chip factories are the most automated factories. Thus chips constantly go down in costs; as human workers cannot compete with cheap, chipped machines. Indeed, since their birth as a species, chip prices tumble down and so demand for chipped workers increases geometrically to increase profits.
There are humanist economists who defend human labor and life and technological gurus, who seek just profits for corporations…
It is for that reason that biological economics is Darwinian in its conclusions. If Marx said that capital=machines would extinguish all workers and those left will revolve, biological, cyclical economics says that unless humans of all castes and classes gather together and fight against the rival species, the machine of the Singularity, they will become extinct in the next decades, including all those animetal castes and cultures that now love the process of degradation of man, because it seems to validate their ideologies of Go(l)d Chosen, of superior Races. Yet the superior race won’t be theirs, but the machine. Unfortunately because Evolution is not even accepted by the believers in ‘Biblical Economics’ and Go(l)d values, there is no way around to explain such non-future for mankind merely in rational, economic terms. So we must conclude this post on the Labor Crisis and the Corporations that are creating that crisis, with yet ‘again’, another cultural analysis of economical theories.
Of course, those cultural ideologies of ‘Biblical Economists’ are not the only ones available but unfortunately the only ones corporations, financial markets and the politicos that obey them, care to promote. As Owens put it observing the saloons of Establishment Economists on London in the XIX century: ‘economists here in London have no idea of the degradation caused in the standards of life and forms of work by the steam machine; their only role is to find theories that justify the exploitation of workers for the sake of profits’.
On the other hand, the few economists who ‘cared’ to denounce this process since the time of Owens, when steam machines caused the killing of 90% of the workforce of horses, till now, when mental machines cause the obsolescence of service workers are censored.
Let us be clear enough: the theories, praxis and measures that should be implemented to maintain a sustainable planet explained in this and other works are known for decades; they are sound theories and their predictions have taken place. So only censorship allows financial economists, corporations and hired politicos to hide the tragedy of millions of human workers out of job.
Two books are on my view the key-works to understand the process, ‘The End of Labor’ of Mr. Rifkin, with a detailed analysis of matter-of-fact examples on how robots and computers were expelling millions of people out of work in the 90s, and my work ‘The Extinction of Man’ (94), with a theoretical model of the ultimate why of this process (the organic evolution of machines that now fusion bodies of metal developed in the XIX c. and heads of metal, chip-brains, eye-cameras and mobile-phones, thus potentially creating an organic new race of machines that potentially can make all jobs obsolete). Those 2 books are complementary and merely show the practical, data-based approach to science of Americans and the more theoretical, wider view, less detailed analysis of Europeans. In my work the 2008 crisis was forecasted within the 72 year generational cycle of evolution of machines described elsewhere in this book. We were both ridiculed and attacked by financial, capitalist economists for whom life and human beings as the Jewish stock-broker Ricardo put it are of no importance since ‘the quantity of labor of a nation matters nothing as long as wealth and profits keep coming’ – to which the humanist philosopher Sismondi responded ‘the ideally in the future we shall just need the King of England to press the adequate bottoms for the entire machinery of England to produce with automate all the goods of the world’.
Then as always economists divide in two groups, those who care for humanity, for the welfare of society, for the real wealth of nations and a future for mankind; and those who expect a world in which a few people own all the wealth and a new race of automata and a few human underpaid workers paid the minimal ‘iron salary’ of survival recommended by Ricardo, obey them.
It should have been obvious which type of economists politicians who are supposed to care for the people that elect them should hear. And yet, because of the corruption of our political systems, astonishingly enough, those economists that preach a sustainable planet have historically always be sided and financial economists, mostly people who cater to the market, mainly Am Segullah , justified by their religious, biblical ideologies that consider the non-chosen expendable (70% of Nobel Prizes) have ruled the economical world from Ricardo to Greenspan, with only an aim ‘to increase wealth and profits’.
The financial economists that rule the world are an inquisition of thought, whose god is profits and wealth for a few chosen and nothing for the rest of mankind – not a rational group of thinkers who expect to create a world made to the image and likeness of mankind that will exist for ever.
On the other hand, all the economists who have defended and reasoned a sustainable world belong to humanist cultures who ‘care’ about mankind and the organisms of history, from the leadership of China today, to the social-democracies of the 70s in Europe, who promoted welfare states with jobs that produce ‘life-goods’ (from health care to agriculture to tourism and education), and/or ‘reformed jewish’ such as Mr. Griffith or myself, a sephardim that has long ago forgotten the racist beliefs of the Talmud and the British Imperial Economists who defended first black slaves and then white slavees (Smith, Ricardo, Malthus, etc.)
It is thus necessary despite the fact that this kind of thesis prompts further censorship, to confront the fact that the dominant Economics which rules the world is today not a science but the translation to mathematical dogmas of the racist ideas of primitive religions of go(l)d. While the alternative science of economics explained by people of all races and social backgrounds, who have evolved their mind and abandoned religions myths to truly develop a science of economics and history, from Owens to Marx to Kondratieff to Keynes to Rifkin and myself, is ignored.
As long as people don’t understand the difference between a ‘culture of greed’ and a ‘true science of economics’, the myths of the culture of greed will keep moving mankind into the abyss of poverty, repressive neofascism, end of human labor and in the long term end of life. This was the thesis of the most censored book of economics since ‘das Kapital’, ‘The Extinction of man’. Now we are living the experimental proofs that such thesis was right.
Because put it bluntly there are only 3 futures, 2 rational and one based in fundamentalist religions (of science, economics and the Bronze Age):
– The one i proposed – control of the evolution of technology by restricting as we do with aids viruses and other lethal biological beings, the evolution of robots in workplaces and battle fields by a legal agreement of the G20. Since ultimately is just a question of time, if we allow the evolution of robots, not only the end of human labor but of human soldiers. And since the most perfect machines are always weapons and robots in war are programmed with Darwinian, survival instincts, it is only a question of time that robotic weapons ‘decide to survive’ and turn against us when we try to disconnect them in a war for profits… So ultimately the solution to all our problems is crystal clear: to declare the industry of robotics as lethal as the industry of drugs and forbid it.
– The one Mr. Rifkin proposes – to create a world without labor and investments in welfare state.
– The irrational one, which incredible as it seems, is the one all nations and economists with political or financial power are imposing: to hide all this, to censor all truths, to keep humans in a ‘dont worry be happy state’, hypnotized by audiovisual machines, controlled by an increasingly neofascist state of armies and polices increasingly automated, and surveillance, big brother systems; or just forgotten in entire continents whose labor has long become obsolete (Africa); while technological corporations increase profits with robotic/pc labor, and the elite of stock-owners and hired politicos live the grand life, indifferent to the future of us all, either because their ‘time-span’ doesn’t go beyond the ‘live the day’, or are so narcissistic, paranoid and machiavellic that seem to indeed have zero empathy about the rest of mankind and can’t see the fact that they are not ‘chosen’ but just, as all of us, dirty bags of water, HCNO systems, whose only advantage is the complexity of its form, now transfered to machines that will have always the advantage of being made of far more complex atoms of shinny metal.
If proposition 3 keeps happening the laws of biological evolution and complexity applied to machines means that in the present Cycle of the Singularity humans will become extinct and only ‘in extremis’ when all is done and the process of extinction irreversible, people will wake up to the anthropomorphic fantasies of religions and economists; or not even that… As the reader can observe in this blog, an increasing number of biblical people, passing as rational ‘scientists’ is asking for the extinction of the poor and its replacement by ‘citizen robots’. What Mister Levine calls the [final] Solution.
The issue of the newspeak and rhetoric of the economical culture today is no longer debated. Unfortunately economics is not taught in schools and politicians do not understand its principles, less so today when the complexity of financial instruments hides its ultimate meaning: a monopoly of a culture over the creation of money, which systematically is used to evolve machines NOT human societies, to finance corporations not human societies, to increase the wealth of a few non-working people (stock-holders) not to promote a balanced, just society. We hoped that the election of Obama, the first president since Kennedy from an alternative culture, would readdress those issues, but Mr. Obama has shown himself to be yet another employee of the animetal cultures of go(l)d and weapons that rule us.
In the graph, which you can compare to the pyramid of the classic age, of capitalism, where we see the initial phase of the Mechanocene and its 3 symbiotic Idol-ogies, capitalism, Militarism & Mechanism and its hierarchical social castes, whereas bankers and its digital language of information, act as the ‘brain’ of the Financial-Media/Military-Industrial Complex, which controls the re=production of machines and weapons and use them along the aforementioned idol-ogies, to control a mass in which NO money is invested, hence does not receive welfare goods.
The previous graph was the I Industrial R=evolution, where the mass of mankind had nothing. Then the use of ‘social sciences’ (welfare states, control of banking) allowed to create a mixed system in which humans receive minimal investments and that was the golden age of modern history (post-war age). But with the arrival of chips and robots which PERFORM THE 2 TASKS OF EARLIER HUMANS, AS CONSUMERS OF OTHER MACHINES AND WORKERS that automatize company-mothers, and soldiers, MOST of the humans in the previous pyramid become obsolete. Only the top 1% has any use for the last phases of the Mechanocene.
It is the next graph, a parody of Orwell’s anim(et)al farm, we see the pyramid of the XXI c. where an elite of stock-rats, now dedicated to selfie enjoyment as the leisure class that lets managers and A.I. Algorithms of Information, rules the world in favor of profits and machines, through company-mothers of the Financial-Media (informative machines) military-industrial system, which employs a dwindling mass of workers with right to credit (fast dwindling under automation). On the bottom, the growing number of obsolete humans in the 3rd world outside and inside our nations. This class will only grow as automation, A.I. white collar pcs and blue collar robots and weapons displaces the bulk of mankind, and the isolationist, racist elite of chosen of go(l)d just tries to distract us with absurd wars, techno-utopias and hate-memes to divide and win over the bottom ‘line’.
THUS UNLESS THE SYSTEM IS THOROUGLY REFORMED and investments are deviated from corporations to welfare states, halting further evolution of machines, Humans will become obsolete. But that is NOT possible under the present ‘theories of economics (classic economics’ and History ‘Nationalisms’, which are religions of ‘memes of metal’, not sciences), WHERE only stock-rats on top of that web have rights, productivity, the substitution of human workers by machines to increase profits is their only mantra, and Mr. Smith and Mr. Ricardo, the Calvinist and Jewish biblical bigots economist revered, affirmed laws should NOT interfere and salaries should only be subsistence salaries (Smith) for those jobs in which machines are not yet fully able (since larger salaries would diminish profits, and lower ones would kill workers, increasing demand prices) while ricardo affirmed it would be Ok to pay an iron salary – the price of the machine, even if it killed the worker. To which a Humanist economist, sismondi asked: so which future you see for mankind, one in which there is only the queen of england pressing bottoms to reproduce machines? We are coming closer to that point.
In the graphs we can see the change of phase of the planet, as all functions humans perform are increasingly performed by machines. So in the right side we see the pyramid of capitalism in the XIX c. when humans were still needed as workers. the problem on the left side from a 20 years old exhibit of social art about the ‘future’ is that humans ARE NOW EXPENDABLE, so most of them will be treated as Trump pretends to treat Americans, with the excuse of protecting them from the ‘inferior non-technological other human beings’: surrounded by robotic borders, without credit or health-care, programmed by 3D virtual reality, and watched by robotic policemen. 20 years latter the graph of the ‘orwellian’ animetal farm is becoming fast reality. And of course, as social sciences have been ‘sanitised’ of survival human instincts, it is OK.
This last phase of the Economic ecosystem and the 0.02% of people on top who own those corporations, manufacture the brain of citizens with their mass-media hate, buy laws and politicos without right to print money and implement distraction wars for go(l)d profits is thus a global war which now will bring us in a permanent orwellian world of ‘poor terrorists’ for whom we shall build a global state of robotic weapons, which will surround the compounds of the ultra-wealthy.
Automation as the first graph indicates is firing workers not Mexicans, since the illegal population has been dropping steadily for a decade and in any case occupies all the jobs Americans would never do. In LA they were my gardeners and cleaning ladies, always happy and smiling with nothing but the generosity of their hearts. Anglos though detested them, the police harassed them on the Santa Monica beach. And everybody look at them as if they were invisible. They are indeed the new ‘negroes’ of this culture filled with racist biblical memes of ‘chosen’ and inferior races, the mother of all hates.
Fact is NEOFASCISM, as all forms of fascism consists in accusing the poor NOT the leisure class who allows the unrelentless evolution of machines and displacement of life, in each period in which automation completely disturbs the economic ecosystem increasing profits and power for financial and industrial groups and diminishing the future of mankind at large. Mr. Trump as Mr. Hitler or Mr. Disraeli in the first cycle of colonial fascism has as a mission to deviate all the attention from the industrial, financial processes of appropriation and abuse of humanity by corporative companies now substituting us by white collar pcs, blue collar robots and terminators, for whom the wall will find new jobs, while with a cynicism sustained by the matrix of fictions and hate-media that programs the American audience, accusing the last people who one could reasonably blame – in this case our gardeners and burger makers, who do the only jobs Americans do not want and robots are yet to take.
Who then rule the economic ecosystem? The answer is not system scientists that understand the nature of this planet, its balances, the biological nature of machines, its competition with humans, and the needed measures to control it, but parasitic bankers of racist religions of go(l)d, which merely have hidden their astounding privileges as a people caste who cares nothing about mankind – IN BRIEF A BIBLICAL CULTURE NOT A SCIENCE.
A case example of what is wrong with our economists.
The people who will destroy America, during his neofascist age, the military that appropriate further funds for absurd ‘mercenary wars’ against the enemies of the ‘other nation’ of Wall street and Hollywood moguls, which care nothing under its primitive go(l)d religions for the future of Amrica or mankind at large. The epitome of this administration dedicated to make Americans suffer again, a thirties bis ominous age, is Mr. Mnuchin, mogul of wall street, from an old dynasty of private banksters, goldman sachs partner, producer of a racist series of entertainment where two ‘survivors’ of the holocaust ruled over a race of super humans ‘victims’ of the brutish mankind they must exterminate, who made his fortune throwing old people from mortgage scam homes and now is dedicated to further deregulate the banking system so he can keep printing billions of $ NOT for investment in humanity but to speculate with prices and multiply the scams of ‘the monopolist issue of financial money’ – the business of the ‘go(l)d chosen’ in their primitive conception of what an economic ecosystem should be according to its ‘beliefs’ of creationist economics.
When asked last week to US Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin about the impact that robotization and artificial intelligence were having on the country’s labor market, he replied that none. “This is not on our radars. Its effects as much will look within 50 or even 100 years. ” Indeed mr. Mnuchin a stock speculator, who made his fortune in the scam of mortgage cdos represents the bulk of classic economists,which we shall call here ‘creationist economics’, as it is really a series of ‘opinions’ of a group of biblical imperial bigots of the British I Industrial revolution, for which the only function of economists is to reproduce as much money as possible, among financiers; whatever it takes, because ‘money is the invisible hand of god’.
Bio-economics is real. And the 99% for which economists should be cared are left unprotected to its effects
A new study by two MIT economists, Daron Acemoglu and Pascual Restrepo, academics who have spent years studying the phenomenon, published these days in the National Bureau of Economic Research, suggests that Steve Mnuchin should at least refresh his screen because in the Race to get a job robots are already winning humans. It is not something that happens now, but for two decades. And they win from the street: for each machine that is incorporated in a productive process, six jobs are destroyed and wages are devalued to a maximum of 0.75%.
In the race to get a job the robots are already winning humans, according to a study
In detail, the research covers the period in the United States. Which goes from 1990 to 2007 and considers as robot “an automatic controlled, programmable and multipurpose machine.” Well, it is enough to have one robot per 1,000 workers to destroy the equivalent of 5.6 jobs. During the period studied, a total of 670,000 jobs were lost. Burning (for the time being) saved the tasks of management and added value, while those most harmed were those occupations that incorporate some manual routine, such as assembly lines in industry or transportation.
And the process has not yet even started in earnest. BUT MR. Mnuchin as ALL the previous treasure bosses of America, during the century belong the so called “People of the Treasure”, ill translated as chosen people, as Am segullah means people and treasure, not chosen, an ancient cultures of fetish go(l)d religions, from the bronze age which is the ‘idol-ogy behind capitalism’, as the masters of the historic schools explained us (‘The jewish and the birth capitalism’ by sombart, the better known, ‘the protestant ethics and th birth of capitalism, by his disciple weber and the master of them all for the ancient birth of a ‘people-caste’ of ‘animetal’ bankers, who made of the religion of go(l)d its instrument of social power, allying with military kings and warriors to exploit together with weapons and money, the farming population of the western world: Abraham Leon’s – the Jewish question, from a socialist hebrew scholar died in the nazi holocaust’. So the conclusion is obvious about the modernised equations of those bigot creationist economists:
WE CANNOT pretend to manage the world of XXI c. robotics and terminators, AI and the supeorganism of the metal-earth, out of the blues ruled by idol-ogies that hold from bronze age cultures of exploitation of the 99% with gold and weapons.
Since those people do NOT even recognise their work is NOT about science an management of mankind but about MAKING MONEY through primitive inflationary ‘scams’ that manipulate the easiness of reproduction of money in digital screens, and for the rest of ‘economical policies’, well, ‘Go(l)d will provide’.
Let us see how Mr. Mnuchin could pay for the wall, as their ancestors have been doing for millennia. Just invent another bubble Mr. Mnuchin, but this do not give all the money to a crony kid of some of your $elected friends, with all the rights and null responsibilities, because the money ‘you’ print is not yours, ‘give to CAESAR what belongs to CAESAR’:
In the graph, the obvious solution to the robotic r=evolution is the law of the jungle: legal prohibition of the new species, before it enacts the biological ‘oedipus paradox’ – the son species is more evolved and kills the daughter species when it reaches its full power: kill the tiger before it becomes a hunter of human children. This can be done legally if we were not ruled by a people-caste of creationist economists, now pretending to be scientist, because they put the law of human extinction by automated machines in nice equations of ‘profits’ and productivity. In history nations like China and Japan with a humanist disciplined people forbade and in fact moved backwards the evolution of gunpowder weapons. So if the will was there and the rational understanding of machines as what they are – evolving biological species -existed men could forbid robotics at international level an end the existential problem and the labor problem once and for all.