In the graph, we observe the parallelisms between the 3 ages of life and the 3 ages of super-organisms of history, which end in death due to germs and sickness in a human organism and due to war war, caused by weapons the germs of history. Yet weapons are overproduced in the 3rd age of a wave of metal-evolution. For that reason, we can also establish a parallelism between the long wave of metal-history (ancient cultures based in weapons) and the modern age (industrial nations based in the duality of machines and weapons). In this modern age, nations are short-span civilizations that die in a mere 80 years, according to the complex laws that establish decametric, geometrical scales and power laws for any process of evolution.
The complex explanation of those ages provides clues for the reason of death of civilizations, which is not necessary, but caused by the evolution of technology, namely weapons of the ‘Tree of Science’ that rythmically kill all cultures of mankind. This was not indeed the case before weapons appeared in the history record.
The cultures before the age of bronze were immortal, in balance between the energy of the Earth, Gaia, and the informative, collective mind of hunters and farmers. For millennia both forms of human culture, the energetic Paleolithic hunter, dominated by the energetic male, and the informative, reproductive farmer, dominated by the cyclical, informative women, established the yin/yang, information/energy, essential duality of the Universe in History. And there was not ‘technological progress’, not mass-murder, not corruption of history. Then there is a change in History related by the myth of Genesis, when metal-masters discovered the hypnotic power of go(l)d and the murderous power of hard metal. Soft and hard, informative and energetic metalappeared in the Historic record in the age of Genesis and ever since, the Paradox of History reflected in the previous graph, between cultures of life and cultures of metal, becomes the ‘engine’ of History.
And so civilizations live and die ever since in 3 ages, which finally end in collective murder when new weapons are discovered, and new hordes of metal-masters, better called by their biological name, as animetals (half animal, half metal, as an armored warrior is), destroyed the previous civilization.
Birth, reproduction and death of civilizations
As super-organisms, those civilizations live and die, when through war, another civilization conquers and colonizes the previous civilization. So we can talk of an organic cycle of life in civilizations, and in the organs of those civilizations, including art, which act as the “mind-brain” of historic civilizations.
We said that cultures resemble living systems. They go through the same cycles of birth, reproduction and death. Cultures are born as organisms do, out of a single or a few prophetic or legislative individuals-cells, that reproduce their ideas into many “believer-minds”. So Christianism is born out of the mind of Jesus Christ that first expands into 12 disciples, which expand themselves into thousands of Roman believers, that expanded into billions of other minds. While America is born of the mind of a few legislators that craft a constitution latter expanded into more laws, obeyed today by all American citizens. When the religious or legal culture reaches maturity it often reproduces in another zone of space-time, creating a daughter civilization or colony. Finally, when its ethic laws and networks of information, and the energy they control, decay and become obsolete, the culture dies and a new, more evolved civilization destroys the old civilization. A new cycle of history starts.
Similarly if we consider technological civilizations, based not in verbal laws, but in monetary and military systems, first a weapon is discovered, and reproduced by a small horde, which becomes an army, which conquers a nation and becomes a ruling aristocracy, that imposes its customs, and controls with the icon-weapon the civilization.
In both kinds of civilizations (Human-Artistic civilizations or Metal-scientific civilizations) either an ideology or book of ideas, (a network of human information) or a species of metal, money or weapons, becomes the language of power which defines the civilization.
Ideas and metal-instruments together shape History. For that reason Historians, when they focus on military systems of power, divide history into the Age of Bronze, the Age of Iron Empires, the Age of Chivalry (Middle Ages), the European Age of Gunpowder (Modern age), or the Atomic Age. There is also the Christian Age and the Buddhist Age of South-Asia, when they focus on the cultural component of the civilization or the age coins, or the age of paper money and stocks, or the age of e-money (new species of money), when they focus in monetary information…
Reproduction Of Cultural Information: Daughter Civilizations
At the same time a civilization develops the ideas and machines which carry that civilization to success, it eliminates previous civilizations. In this manner, successful civilizations reproduce their “genetic ideas and machines” into other regions of the Earth, creating colonies, daughter cultures and eco[nomic]systems.
Like a human child, the daughter civilization is often a more evolved species where the ideas and instruments of the previous civilization are improved. Civilizations inherit and improve on, like children do, their parental civilizations, often extinguishing them. So the Assyrians were defeated by the Persians who had copied and improved its weapons, iron and cavalry. Yet Persian art, even behavior would be similar to Assyrian art and behavior. Genetic continuity in civilizations is not racial but cultural, of structures and ideas, of icons, machines and modes of life. For example, in Arabia stirrup cavalry brought an empire-civilization that expanded West till Al-Andalus (the South of Spain). That stirrup civilization migrated to America and colonized the southwestern states, giving origin to the “Old Far West” civilization, with horse and cattle ranching. In that territory, the horse civilization flourished between the 17th and 20th centuries, when the fundamental icon-species of the culture, the horse became extinguished as a form of transport by the car, a more efficient metal-species. The example shows the dynamic quality of the life of civilizations. They are born, reproduce and become extinct through the “genetic evolution” of objects and words, which bring as much diversity to cultural evolution of its species, products and ideas, as genetic memories bring to the body.
And in the same manner biologists can scientifically organize the data they have about species through genetic information and instruments. Thanks to the memorial remains of history, the historian can study the birth, reproduction and extinction of evolutionary history and its civilizations.
Death Of Civilizations
Civilizations also die. One day another civilization with more efficient ideologies of man, or better machines, comes along and destroys the old civilization. As in “animal feeding”, once the new civilization has destroyed the old civilization, it reforms the energy cells=citizens of the dead civilization to its image and resemblance. Let us again bring the biological comparison. A hunter feeds on the energy of a victim’s body that becomes in part wasted (killed) and in part “transformed” into cells of the predator. This also happens in civilizations: part of the “human energy” is wasted by war, and the remaining humans are “transformed” into believers of the predator civilization. The Spanish perhaps killed some 70% of the Indians and the rest became “Christians”. It is the death of the civilization. Because when ideas and instruments change, the civilization changes. The iron civilization of Rome is not the same as the Middle Ages civilization of stirrup weapons imposed by German warriors. The Roman civilization had been destroyed by “stirrup animetals” of the Germanic civilization. Again such “civilization” is not the Gunpowder civilization of Italy during the Renaissance. Gunpowder wiped out chivalry and a new civilization was born. Nor is Amon-Egypt the same as Greek-Christian Egypt, or Arab-Muslim Egypt. The verbal ideology changed, and the Egyptian civilization became extinct.
It is now clear the difference between religious civilizations and metal-civilizations. Religious civilizations could exist for ever, if there were no wars to extinguish their cultures. That is the goal set by the prophets in their messages of love. And yet, because metal exists, all religious civilizations of the past 5000 years have been corrupted and periodically extinguished by war. Some of those cultures resurrect, when the wave of death and war recedes. Some do not come back again. The Christian and Islamic civilization, the Jewish culture has survived many cycles of death, and the words of Moses, Christ and Mhmd, have resurrected. But each wave of death, corrupts a little bit more the initial messages of the prophets with rituals of war and money. So we find today that those cultures are basically built around inquisitions and churches, corrupted by rituals of Go[l]d, and little is left of the initial mandates of the prophets. Many other human cultures based in human senses have died away, and its artists have expressed those deaths, in their baroque ages of art.
The 3 ages of metal-history
If we apply those ideas about biology of civilizations we can represent any civilization with a bell curve of existence, that indicates in a graphic of populations how the word religion or icon-weapon of a civilization (both often reproduce together) is born, develops, (colonizes other territories), and finally dies away; substituted by a daughter civilization, or a new culture, with a more evolved weapon or religion. We can also use the bell curve of social existence to the entire life of mankind, in the age of metal.
If we consider the entire wave of Metal-History as a single civilization also with 3 periods, its young, epic age, its classic, humanistic age, and its decadent, industrial age, we can talk of the Bronze and first iron empires of Asia, as the age of epic war. The period of European infantry, and Asian cavalry (from Greece to renascence) as the age of maturity of history. And the age of the industrial evolution, as the age of extinction of history.
Each of those ages is divided by a clear discontinuum of evolution of the two functions of metal, energy-metal or weapons, and informative-metal or money. Man adapts himself to those changes, which are symbiotic and help the evolution of our societies, in a first age, but as metal reproduces in greater numbers, it suffocates the evolution of human history and the human mind, till with the arrival of science, the human mind becomes obsolete, and men become worshippers of the minds of machines.
We talk thus of 3 clear discontinuums of evolution of metal, that mark metal-history.
- YOUTH OF HISTORY: The Age of Wor[l]ds. From -2800 BC, to -500 BC. Age of Bronze weapons, and bartering. Since money is still scarce, in the form of bars of metal, words still are the main language of communication of mankind. Writing becomes sacred. However bronze and then iron give enormous power to warriors that end controlling all Neolithic societies. Priests are displaced from power. Women become systematically repressed. Gods become warrior Gods, without compassion. It is the age of Mesopotamic Empires, the age of Asia. The age of verbal thought reaches its baroque age, towards 500 BC, in the work of Lao Tse, Buddha, Confucius and Socrates, that reach the height of human verbal understanding of the Universe. Yet a new language of information, coins appears, and human verbal thought looses power.
- MATURITY OF HISTORY: The Age of coins. (500 BC, 1600 AD). It is the Age of Iron weapons and coins. Mankind still rules, and learns how to control with ethic behavior, the power of weapons. Yet Money starts to be a common language of power, and challenges verbal ethics. Words are displaced by money as the language that controls the acts of human societies. This means that verbal thought and ethics is no longer the center of the human mind, but humans become shallow in their perception of verbal-temporal reality. The human intelligence displaces to the eye. So art becomes realistic (Greek Art) and mathematics appears as a new language of understanding of the Universe. Both coin accountancy and Mathematics come together, in the Asian Greek coast where the first monetary empires and mathematicians appear. After the brief return to an ethic age, in the Middle Ages, the Renaissance again imposes money as the language of social power.
- OLD AGE OF HISTORY. The Age of machines. (1600 AD till extinction). It is the third age of mankind, and the first age of the new predator species that displace us, the machine. It is the age of science, of digital languages, of massive reproduction of money, the language of information of machines, now in the form of paper-money and electronic money. Wor[l]ds become obsolete. There is so much money that all things can receive monetary values, and human verbal values are no longer effective. There are so many weapons, due to the industrial reproduction of them by company-mothers, that ethics and social power become obsolete, and national armies control directly [dictatorships] or indirectly through weapon-companies (democracies) our societies. The objective of mankind is to evolve machines through acts of work=reproduction of machines, and consume=test and evolution of machines. The decadence of mankind is hidden because paradoxically as humans loose interest in verbal thought, in a non-fiction logic understanding of reality, companies of machines can convince and indoctrinate man easily. Fiction literature dominates this age. Men no longer understand the meaning of social survival, of truth, and the organic nature of our Universe…
The Evolution Of Weapons. The seven cycles of Metal-civilizations
The 3 ages of History can be analyzed in more detail because each of those ages is in itself a sub-civilization divided in smaller periods. We talk in fact of 7 sub-cycles divided by great eras of war.
Very few civilizations survive the periodic arrival of massive wars, after the discovery and reproduction of new weapons. Even the American civilizations that were isolated from European warrior masters, at the end died away when the Spaniards and Anglo-Saxons arrived. The Paleolithic culture of North-Indians that had survived almost unchanged during more than 10.000 years was extinguished in a few centuries, and even if some of its genetic content both in race and customs still remains, it is self-evident that today that civilization has died.
History has become metal-history, and human cultures have become submissive to metal-cultures. But not a single metal-culture survives the tree of science for too long. There is in fact a cycle, of around ±800 years, or 10 human lives, that marks with massive war the evolution of metal and war-fare. And so we talk of the 7 cycles of metal-history since the first bronze armies arrived to Mesopotamia and destroyed the Genesian paradise, depicted in the “Genesis”, the oldest book about the tragedy of History written by mankind.
We know the cause of cultural death, which is war, and since wars have come to History in certain ages, after the discovery and massive reproduction of a new weapon, we can trace a series of waves of existence, of the great civilizations of history, that have gone through birth, growth and extinction. Indeed, the discovery and massive reproduction of weapons carried by hordes of symbiotic warriors, have shaped the history of civilizations, killing them off periodically. We call those ages of massive reproduction of weapons, a “biological radiation”, borrowing the concept from biology, where biological radiations of top predator species are the main cause of extinction of weaker species. So happens with “radiations” of top predator metal weapons that cause the extinction of humans and our civilizations.
The long, medium and short wave of technological evolution.
In that sense, this web provides an in-depth analysis of the cycles of technological evolution at 3 levels – the long wave of warrior civilizations of 800 years; the medium wave of modern industrial nations of 80 years and the short wave of eight years – the decades – considered in ‘future magazine’. Since the wave of evolution of technology, of machines, is accelerating and now enters in its last age, the singularity age, with clear negative consequences for Gaia and mankind, the species the technological wave of death of civilizations is extinguising.
The origin of the model is the science of complexity, which considers the Universe and all its parts, modeled with the laws of biology – evolution, theory of information and theory of organisms.
In that regard, those 3 waves have in the deepest, scientific analysis, (given but the most advanced sciences of the XXI c. complexity, Theory of Information and Systems Sciences, in which I am a pioneer), a simple reason d’etre/law of existence:
‘All organic systems of the universe increase their amount of information towards the future’.
In the XXI century we have realized that all organic systems of the Universe are modelled with 2 ‘arrows’ of future, energy, the arrow that physicists study, and information, the arrow studied by biologists. Those arrows are related in organic systems that combine them, by two type of processes, expansive, energetic, death processes; and informative, implosive, warping, life, creative, formal processes. Many consequences derives of creating ‘Dual’ models of reality based in the combiination of those processes. The main one is the existence of ’3 ages’ in all life systems:
- Youth, the age of energy when the process starts; maturity the age of balance between energy and information and old age, the age of information, when we warp and acquire more wrinkles, more form.
And in machine systems, as the graph shows. Since new energies are first used as bombs, in the energetic youth, then applied as transport machines and finally evolved into the most complex forms, weapons.
And so in our technological cultures, also the human generations of founding physicists that discover the machine, mature, reproductive industrialists that convert it into a transport system and finally military politicians, which use the machine after the crash of the market as a weapons, adapt our culture to the new God of Mankind…